Colonists used fowlers to hit as many waterfowl as possible with one shot. They were loaded with 200-250 pellets. A fowler was often very heavy, cumbersome, and long (some over 6 feet). Some colonists took them to militia drills, although they were useless as military firearms.

Hudson Valley Fowler

See how long these fowlers are? Colonists usually fired fowlers while stationary, with an object to rest them on

Hudson Valley Fowler Fowler

Fowlers got shorter as time went on. However, their large caliber still required a lot of powder.